The appearance and touch of handloom rugs are indeed unique and best suited to decorate any interior. Made using two sets of intersecting threads, a warp is kept taut on the loom and the weft which is thrown through the warp threads, usually with a shuttle. After weaving is complete, a backing is attached to the rug using synthetic latex material which gives strength to the handloom carpet and prevents unravelling.
Hand-tufted rugs are made by punching strands of wool into a canvas stretched on a frame with a manually operated tool. When the rug features a pattern, the design is created on wax paper to set a trace. Expert artisans tuft over the pattern, paying close attention to where the patterns are to be placed, and then paints the underside of the rug with latex glue and covers it with a backing canvas. On completion, the rug’s loops may be left visible, shaved down, or delicately carved to create a definition in the pattern.
Flat woven textured rugs are a delightful addition to any interior. The weaving process is central to the quality of the rug. The number of knots per square inch is pertinent in determining the textural landscape of the rug. Flatweaves are contemporary in nature. These rugs are light in weight and easy to carry & fold. Handloom Rugs consist of the Panja loom weave and the Pit loom weave.
Intricate patterns and dense quality are achievable by Panja Looms. A heavy instrument like a comb is used for beating in the wefts, along with a pair of scissors for trimming off the ends of the yarn after each row of knots is finished. The pile is often shorn with special knives to obtain an even surface for a finished look.
The Pit Loom is a pit where the artisan uses pedals to produce flatweave rugs, also called ‘dhurrie’ rugs. It is called pit loom because of the design of the pit below the loom, which is used for the shedding operation. The warps are maintained with an adequate tensile strength between two beams where wefts are inserted manually.
The term “jacquard” indicates how the pattern is woven, not the specific pattern itself. Although these intricate fabrics seem commonplace today, that was not always the case. Simply put, jacquard is a specially woven fabric created using a Jacquard loom, and various materials such as cotton, polyester, silk, and acrylic can be woven to create them. Some of these fabrics even feature a raised pattern, such as a Matelassé or a brocade.
A hand-knotted rug, also referred to as oriental rugs, is a rug that is made by hand on a specialized vertical frame loom. The process of hand knotting rugs goes back a few thousand years. Produced using ancient techniques, knotted rugs are famous for their boundless design and color variations. Depending on the type of knots, the size of the wool strands, and strength of the knots, the density and quality of a rug is determined. Individual knotted rugs can take months to make due to the precision and level of skill required.
Knitted carpets and floor coverings epitomize the world of arts and crafts. The scrumptious texture of knitted rugs lend themselves to modern design quite effortlessly. They add a sense of warmth and charm to a space filled with clean lines and order. At the same time, the consistent, repetitive patterns of many cable knit rugs have an almost geometric look that fits well with modern spaces.